莱昂·弗莱舍(Leon Fleisher)

莱昂·弗莱舍(Leon Fleisher)

莱昂·弗莱舍(Leon Fleisher)

著名钢琴家、指挥家莱昂·弗莱舍是美国旧金山人。他4岁开始学琴,8岁便举行了第一场独奏音乐会。一年后,他成了传奇人物阿图尔·施纳贝尔的学生。1944年,当他16岁时,弗莱舍与皮埃尔·蒙特指挥的纽约爱乐乐团合作举行了他的个人首演。他在比利时举行的伊丽莎白女皇国际钢琴比赛中成为第一个赢得该项大奖的美国人。之后,他常与很多著名乐团合作演出,并举行个人独奏音乐会。与乔治·塞尔指挥的克利夫兰管弦乐团的成功合作为他带来很多录制唱片的机会,其中包括录制的贝多芬和勃拉姆斯的钢琴协奏曲,并成为当今保留下来的古典曲目中的试金石。

1964-1965年间,弗莱舍由于右手的疼痛不得不中断他出色的钢琴生涯。在那几年里他投入到音乐教育事业中,并开始指挥,但最终他开始弹只为左手而写的钢琴作品。自80年代起,他的左手钢琴作品的演出和录音得到评论界和公众的赞扬。他为索尼古典唱片公司录制的左手独奏作品以及拉威尔和普罗科菲耶夫的钢琴协奏曲唱片受到葛莱美奖的两项提名。1995年,弗莱舍与克利夫兰管弦乐团合作,成功地再次用他的双手演奏了莫扎特的《A大调钢琴协奏曲,作品414号》。现在他既可以演奏左手钢琴作品也可以演奏双手钢琴曲目。

在过去的几个音乐季里,弗莱舍先生曾与众多乐团合作演奏勃拉姆斯的《第一钢琴协奏曲》,其中包括旧金山交响乐团、卡洛·玛利亚·朱利尼指挥的巴黎管弦乐团和丹尼尔·巴伦勃伊姆指挥的柏林国家管弦乐团等。他还曾与波士顿交响乐团、芝加哥交响乐团、圣保罗室内乐团、纽约室内交响乐团以及欧洲室内乐团合作演奏莫扎特的《A大调钢琴协奏曲,作品414号》。在1997年的欧洲巡演中,他与多伦多交响乐团、印第安纳波利斯交响乐团、英国广播交响乐团和巴黎管弦乐团合作演奏拉威尔的《左手钢琴协奏曲》。他最近在维也纳和伦敦威格摩尔音乐厅举行的独奏音乐会包含了钢琴双手及左手作品。

弗莱舍先生于1967年在肯尼迪中心成立剧院室内乐团,1970年成为安纳波利斯交响乐团的音乐总监,他的指挥身份也从此确立。同年他在纽约举行的莫扎特音乐节上首次以指挥身份出现。1973年担任巴尔的摩交响乐团的副指挥。从那时起,他指挥过很多著名乐团,其中包括:波士顿交响乐团、芝加哥交响乐团、克利夫兰管弦乐团、底特律交响乐团、蒙特利尔交响乐团、旧金山交响乐团和圣保罗室内乐团等。在1988-1989乐季中,他在巴尔的摩举行了歌剧指挥的首演。他还经常和新日本爱乐乐团合作,任乐团的首席客座指挥。

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Renowned pianist and conductor Leon Fleisher is a native of San Francisco, where he began his keyboard studies at 4 and gave his first public recital at 8. One year later he became a student of the legendary Artur Schnabel, who was his most important mentor both as a pianist and a teacher. In 1944, at age 16, Mr. Fleisher made his debut with the New York Philharmonic under Pierre Monteux. He went on to become the first American to win the Queen Elisabeth International Piano Competition in Belgium. Regular appearances with orchestras and in recital on the world’s great concert stages followed. His celebrated collaboration with George Szell and the Cleveland Orchestra resulted in a series of recordings, among them the Beethoven and Brahms Piano concertos, which have remained touchstones of the classical catalogue to this day.
 
Midway through the 1964/65 season, Mr. Fleisher’s illustrious career was interrupted by the onset of a debilitating ailment affecting his right hand. During the intervening years, he devoted his musical career to work as a teacher, to conducting and, eventually, to the left-hand alone piano literature. His performances and recordings of the repertoire for the left hand, beginning in the 1980’s, won him immediate critical and popular acclaim, as well as two Grammy nominations for his Sony Classical recordings. It was in 1995, at a concert with Cleveland Orchestra, that Mr. Fleisher was able to play the Mozart Concerto in A Major, K. 414, successfully with both hands again. He now performs both the left-hand repertoire and select works for two hands.
 
Over the past few seasons, Mr. Fleisher has performed the Brahms Piano Concerto No. 1 with the San Francisco Symphony, the Orchestre de Paris under Carlo Maria Giulini and the Berlin Staatsoper Orchestra under Daniel Barenboim, among other orchestras.

 

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